The history of Indian paintings has a lot of wealth for people to enjoy and live. For the usual humid climate in India, the preservation of paintings was difficult as other art forms. Some of the earliest Indian paintings were cave paintings from prehistoric times. In places like Bhimbetka, there are petrokyryphs, some of them belonging to 5500 BC. AD.
Buddhist literature in India is filled with examples of texts that describe the manors of kings and the aristocratic class overrated with paintings, but the caves of Ajanta are very important for all. Indian paintings offer a visual variety that extends from early evolution to the present day. Originally religious in origin, Indian painting developed over the years to become a combination of cultures and varied traditions.
Six members of Indian painting
Towards the first period of the 1st century BC. There were six members of Indian paintings or Sadaga. These "Six members" have been translated as follows:
Rupabheda: the knowledge of appearances.
Pramanam: correct perception, measurement and structure.
Bhava: Action of feelings on forms.
Lavanya: Yojanam Infusion of grace, artistic representation.
Varnikabhanga: artistic mode of using brush and colors of Indian paintings can be divided mainly into ancient, medieval and modern.
Ancient Indian Paintings
Ancient Indian art saw the rise of the Bengal School of Art in 1930 pursued by many experiments in European and Indian styles. With the development of the economy, the forms and styles of art undergo many changes. The monuments of outstanding value are Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, here over 500 rocks and larger caves contain thousands of paintings. Some of the oldest paintings are over 15,000 years old and in some cases are 30,000 years old. Prehistoric art is spread all over India from the Himalayas in snow to the south of Tamil Nadu.
The Indian cave paintings are considered the first proofs of the Indian paintings that are made on the walls and palaces of the caves while the miniature paintings are small colored, complex artisan lighting. It begins with the prehistoric rock painting of Bhimbetka and flourishes through the cave paintings of Ajanta caves, Ellora and Bag.
The history of Indian rock paintings such as Ajanta and Ellora refers to the Buddhist monks who used painters to draw the life and teachings of Lord Buddha and Buddha Jataka on the walls of the Ajanta Caves where they painted The figures with their costumes and jewelry In beautiful colors and style while in the caves of Ellora, the paintings are for the most part Hindu deities.
Medieval Indian paintings
During the medieval period, India observed an important development in the field of the art of painting. Medieval India is part of the history of India between the 8th century and the 18th century. The Persian tradition of miniature painting was also introduced by local leaders. It was during the supremacy of Akbar that painting was organized by a great concern which brought together Hindu and Muslim painters and craftsmen from different parts of India, especially from regions such as Gujarat and Malwa , Where miniature manuscripts and pictures developed.
Mughal Paintings mainly describes the Indo-Islamic design of painting and flourished in the workshops of the Mughal emperors, including Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Tanjore's paintings are a form of classical Indian painting of the south that evolved in the village of Thanjavur
The Rajasthani paintings are miniature paintings of the best quality, made on paper and on large pieces of fabric. A number of famous painting schools are Mewar, Hadoti, Marwar, Kishangarh, Alwar and Dhundhar. It is also known as Rajput Painting and has a clear influence on Mughal paintings although it is quite unique in its own way. Pahari painting is miniature painting evolved in the hilly states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir during the Rajputs period. These paintings have beautiful Himalayan scenes as a backdrop.
Modern Indian Paintings
Glass painting in India is a new concept and is extremely wonderful for its clarity and richness of colors. Patachitra has flowered in the state of Odisha and is fabricated on a fabric with extremely vivid colors and a topic based on mythology. Kalighat pots are another form, which are made on a pot or clay cloth. These are mainly used as wall hangings. Marble Painting is also a kind of modern Indian painting that is made on exquisite marble stones. Marble paintings are mainly used for decorative purposes, especially on table, furniture and flower vases. Indian artists have adopted Indian oil painting as a unique art technique and Raja Ravi Verma was considered the pioneer who created this new popular medium in India.
Indian folk painting gives a pictorial expression of the village painters marked by the subjects chosen from the epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata and other mythological stories. Kalamkari is the form of art that consists of weaving and printing blocks outside of painting. Silk paintings and fabric paints are made on fabric or different types of fabrics The Bengal Arts School and the Madras School of Arts were created by the British to improve art culture in India.