On Turkey's Aegean Coast, this mid-sized tourist town is named after Didyma, an Ancient Greek sanctuary surrounded by cotton and wheat fields. Didyma features a 2,300-year-old Temple of Apollo that is in outstanding condition and is connected via a "Sacred The way" to the ancient city of Miletus, a few miles to the north. The ruins and the temple of other old towns that previously surrounded a gulf washed off the map hundreds of years ago when the Meander River Delta silted up, dumbfounded even non-purists. Modern Didim glows for its shores on sandy bays and little rocky coves, all with crystal blue seas, in addition to its historical heritage. To enjoy this mysterious place, apply for a turkey visa online now and cheers on the ancient beauty.
Ancient Greeks celebrated the vast archaeological site on the northwest edge of modern Didyma. Didyma was a sanctuary known for its Apollo oracle and a temple known during the ancient world. While this is the zenith, Didyma has a lot more to offer, including some recent innovations. The Temple of Apollo is in superb condition; a Stadium, Roman theatre and the massive foundations of an Artemis temple may all be found. The Sacred Way, a pilgrimage path dotted with Roman baths connecting Didyma to Miletus to the north was also discovered.
2. Temple of Apollo
Didyma's showpiece is one of the biggest ancient temples ever built, both then and now. This Hellenistic building was constructed on two precursors dating back 400 years in the 4th century BCE. This building's platform (crepidoma) has seven stairs and is about 60 by 120 metres. A double row of 20 metres tall Ionic columns, each almost, encircled the temple, two persisting at their original height. A corridor (pronaos) with three rows of four columns sits on the grand staircase. One of them has been maintained in perfect condition. When you enter the sanctuary behind the walls (sekos), the walls still rise several metres around you, reminding you of how majestic this place was. Capitals from the interior pilasters line this area on the ground, still displaying sophisticated reinforcements, some showing gryphons.
3. Altinkum Plajı
The main beach in Didim has an obvious attraction. There's a broad curve of soft and light sand on a border-shaped bay that's roughly 500 metres long. This is Didim's tourism hub, and the Yale Cd. behind it is lined with apartment buildings with restaurants, cafés, grocers, and souvenir stores on the lower levels. A concrete seafront that follows the bay and features benches and flower beds shaded by swinging palms is between the two. The shallow and gentle surf at Didim's public beaches is something to enjoy, especially on stormy days. If you wish to rest on a sunbed, there's a beach club just a few yards away. A small port at the bay's eastern end is used for trips and water activities like banana boating and jet skiing.
4. Lake Bafa
This lake, now preserved as a natural park 15 minutes inland from Didim, was originally the eastern bend of the Latvian Gulf, home to many of the area's historic towns. As the Büyük Menderes River's delta sank, the coastline turned west through the years. If you have a vehicle, the D525 road climbs high along the southern coast, providing stunning views of the lake and the rocky, unspoilt north side, which is dotted with a mix of natural and planted olive groves. There are spots to stop along the beach, take in the scenery, and see the flamingos and other varieties that call the river home. There are a few places to have a drink or a snack along the lake, and on the east side are the ruins of Heracleia by Litmus, which we'll discuss later.
4. Priene Ruins
Priene, which today overshadows the plain from the vertical foot of the mountain Mycale, near the Dilek National Park, was another city on the Latmian Gulf. It was transferred to this position in the 4th century BCE. Mausolus of Halicarnassus and Alexander the Great, following his invasion of the area, designed it as a model city made entirely of natural marble. Priene, a mid-sized town, is laid out in a grid pattern on a series of terraces that rise to over 400 metres above sea level. The Temple of Athena, dedicated to Alexander the Great and sits wonderfully against a cliff face at the time, is currently housed at the British Museum. The agora, the theatre, a variety of temples, Bouleuterion (government council chamber), Roman baths, a gymnasium, and the pattern of city streets, with a water supply and drainage systems easy to know, are among the other interesting sights.
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